What is Chemical Peel?
Chemical Peel is a technique used on the skin to give it a revitalized and younger look. The peel solution can be anything from the array of natural and synthetic chemicals it uses. Each peel has varying degrees of improving dead skin cells, wrinkles, blemishes, and uneven skin pigmentation. Once dead skin cells are out of the way, there will be room for new, fresh-looking skin to take the surface.
Some chemicals are powerful enough to be used by themselves — such as alphahydroxy acid (AHA), trichloroacetic acid (TCA), and phenol – although they can also be combined with other formulae for a more thorough peel action.
How is Chemical Peel Peformed?
A Chemical Peel is performed as an outpatient procedure in a doctor’s office or surgery center, usually without the need of anesthesia or painkillers.
The skin is intensely cleansed using an agent that takes out excess oils, with the eyes and hair protected. The peels used can be one or more of the available chemicals, depending on how deep the patient wants to go, where they are applied to small regions of the skin. The result is a controlled wound, which makes old skin peel to make way for new, regenerated skin.
Risks of Chemical Peel
Chemical Peels don’t cause heavy complications as other procedures sometimes do. The deeper the peels can go beneath the skin, the more complications can develop. Peels are risky without a proper hand to guide it. Associated complications with this procedure are prolonged erythema, pigmentary changes, white heads, skin atrophy, and changes in texture.
Who Can be Considered for Chemical Peel?
Individuals with fair skin and light skin. Those with even darker skin may also receive favorable results with the treatment, which depend on the skin problem that needs attention. Candidates should also be capable of drawing realistic expectations from the procedure and aware of its limitations. Individuals with sunburn, skin inflammations, heightened allergies, open wounds, and take medications that bear skin sensitivity side-effects shouldn’t participate in this procedure.
Facts on Chemical Peel
- Light peels like AHA and glycolic acid produce minimal discomfort, so no anesthetic is normally given during treatment; painkillers also aren’t necessary
- Medium peels like TCA can sting a little, and often a combination of tranquilizer and pain pill are supplied to suppress the pain; anesthesia is usually not require with these types of peels; patients are expected to feel a warm to a burning sensation
- Deep peels like phenol are very painful and physicians will often apply it under general anesthesia or heavy sedation; later phenol peels can be applied locally without help from any anesthesia type